Rozwiązania i Komponenty dla AutomatykiSolutions and Components for Automation

Capacitive sensors - where the highest precision of measurements is required

What characterizes the unique design of the Micro-Epsilon capacitive sensors? What resolution and precision can be obtained? What does the modular measuring system give? Answers in the article.

Czujniki pojemnościowe – tam gdzie wymagana jest najwyższa precyzja pomiarów

Today we will take a closer look at the seemingly ordinary sensors, which are known in the industry rather as simple measuring elements. However, the special design developed by Micro-Epsilon makes capacitive sensors become devices with exceptional precision for the most demanding applications, such as the Extremely Large Telescope, commissioned by the European Southern Observatory (ESO - European Southern Observatory).

Functionality and measurement method of capacitive sensors

Non-contact capacitive sensors are used to measure displacement, distance, position and thickness of conductive materials.

The sensor consists of a shielding ring, electrode and grounding located on the edge of the sensor together with the measuring electrode. The special design of the sensor with an additional shielding ring allows a homogeneous measuring field to be obtained directly under the head of the measuring head. An important element of the system is also a three-layer cable that ensures a perfect match between the sensor and controller. Subsequently, CapaNCDT measuring systems from the manufacturer Micro-Epsilon mean high precision and signal stability. In industrial applications, capacitive sensors achieve resolutions in the range below nanometers.

The capacitive sensor works by detecting a change in the electrical capacity. In the case of a plate capacitor, the capacity between two fixed-size plates varies by the difference in distance or by placing a dielectric in the measuring gap.

Thanks to the capacitive method (sensor) and the conductive measuring element (object), they interact with each other like an ideal plate capacitor. If a constant-frequency alternating current flows through the sensor capacitor, the amplitude of the alternating voltage on the sensor is proportional to the distance of the object being measured (grounding electrode).

Due to the design of the sensors with a double shielding ring, in practice almost ideal linearity characteristics are obtained, which is a special feature of these sensors. For constant measurement a dielectric constant between the sensor and the test object is required.

High interference resistance against magnetic fields

For applications in high magnetic field environments, Micro-Epsilon offers sensors and sensor cables made of non-magnetic materials such as titanium and stainless steel. The shield obtained thanks to the three-axis construction ensures extremely high resistance to interference.

Applications in a vacuum and sterile space

Micro-Epsilon capacitive displacement sensors are often used in vacuum and clean room applications, where they reach resolutions at the nanometer level in a particle-free environment.

For vacuum applications, Micro-Epsilon offers special sensors, cables and connection accessories.These sensors and cables are largely particle-free and used in clean rooms with ISO1 cleanliness class.

Highest precision in extreme temperatures

Unlike traditional contactless measuring techniques, Micro-Epsilon capacitive displacement sensors are characterized by the highest measuring accuracy.

Because the thermally induced changes in the conductivity of the measurement object do not affect the measurements, the measurement results remain stable even at varying temperatures.

For example, capacitive displacement sensors are used to measure the distance of superconducting magnets.

The temperature-resistant design of the sensor allows the measurement to be carried out at an ambient temperature of -270 ° C while maintaining maximum resolution.

Full compatibility: sensor and driver replacement without calibration

CapaNCDT sensors, cables and controllers can be replaced quickly and easily. Due to their modularity of the system, additional calibration and linearization is not required. Easy exchangeability of capaNCDT elements and simple replacement of sensors with different measuring ranges can be carried out on site in a short time. It is worth noting that Micro-Epsilon offers the world's largest variety of combinations in capacitive displacement measurements.

Modern and easy-to-use control technology

Modern capaNCDT controllers are equipped with various interfaces such as analog, Ethernet and EtherCAT. Capacitive measuring systems can be easily adjusted via a web interface with access via a web browser. The controller is connected to the computer via an Ethernet interface. Settings, filters and arithmetic functions are then saved directly in the controller.

Extremely Large Telescope

One of the biggest projects that Micro-Epsilon capacitive sensors are being implemented is Extremely Large Telescope - The world's largest optical and infrared telescope developed by the European Southern Observatory (ESO).

The main mirror itself will have a diameter of 39 meters and will contain 798 individual segments. These honeycomb segments must be accurately aligned to create the perfect optical system. 4608 sensors provided by the consortium FAMES (Fogale and Micro-Epsilon) ensures accurate alignment to nanometers.

Micro-Epsilon is responsible for the production of sensors that are the most accurate ever used on a telescope. Sensors for external applications are distinguished by long-term temperature stability as well as high resistance to external influences. They will be a fundamental part of a very comprehensive system that will constantly measure the position of the ELT main mirror segments relative to neighboring segments and allow the segments to work together to create the perfect imaging system.

The project is to be completed in 2025. A giant telescope will allow you to carry out research that has never been seen in the world before able to perform, among others for studying the atmospheres of extrasolar planets.

Capacitive sensors for large quantities and OEM applications

The capacitive measuring system can be adapted to specific measuring tasks according to your instructions, e.g. design, calibration, version for cryogenic chamber, vacuum / UHV, cable lengths, modification of measuring ranges or sensors with integrated controller.

Learn more about the capabilities of capacitive sensors - contact our advisors who will choose the right system for your needs.


Read also

Intelligent drives on the road to the Internet of Things
Intelligent drives on the road to the Internet of Things

What does the Internet of Things mean and requirements for electric motors? The manufacturer of drives from the WObit offer presents the answers and solutions.

See more »
Non-contact differential measurement in industry - solutions used.
Non-contact differential measurement in industry - solutions used.

In the article we discuss the main issues that should be noted in basic material thickness tests.

See more »